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Healthcare means providing medical care and attention to elevate the well-being of people. Adequate and timely healthcare intervention is the ultimate goal that every economy wishes to achieve. A country can prosper only when its citizens are healthy and happy. Healthcare is divided into 4 levels - primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary care. These levels of care differ in complexity and treatment. A trusted NGO in India for healthcare will work towards spreading awareness and knowledge about different levels of healthcare and the type of care they provide.
The 4 levels of healthcare are explained below:
Primary care
Primary care is the first level of healthcare. This is the initial stage of contact with the healthcare system. A majority of people will have availed the services of primary care at least once in their lifetime. This is the level which is mostly used by people. Primary care is concerned with illnesses, injuries, flu, etc. which are non-serious and can be cured easily. Primary health care includes health care providers like a general physician or family physician, nurses, paediatricians, etc. These primary care providers are available locally and are easy to get in touch with. Well-integrated primary care helps to decrease emergency ward visits and hospitalisations. Primary care aims at the prevention of disease or providing treatment at the right time to stop the symptoms from becoming severe. It promotes resistance to such diseases or injuries lest they occur. Primary care providers refer patients to secondary care for specialised needs and health concerns.
Secondary care
When a medical condition requires specialised attention that a primary care provider canít give, secondary care is advised. It aims to reduce the impact of an already occurring disease or injury and prevent a recurrence. Secondary care has considerably fewer patients than primary care as most of them are filtered out and only those seeking specialist attention remain. This secondary care is provided by hospitals and institutions. It includes a wide range of specialists such as gynaecologists, cardiologists, psychiatrists, etc. Patients with more severe or complex health conditions are referred to secondary care. Sudden infections, cancer treatment, and broken bones are some concerns that require secondary healthcare. While seeking secondary care, primary care providers are kept in the loop to provide patients with coordinated care.
Tertiary care
Tertiary care comes after secondary care when a patient suffers from a complex or severe medical condition. It is provided over an extended period of time and involves advanced procedures and treatments. Both primary and secondary care providers can refer people to tertiary care. Tertiary care includes cardiac surgery, neurosurgery, transplant services, cancer care, and other advanced and complex surgeries and interventions. Generally, tertiary care is provided and available in metropolitan areas and large cities. This means a lot of people belonging to rural or remote areas have little to no access to tertiary care. Hence, any credible infrastructure NGO operates with the aim of making tertiary care facilities available to poor and underprivileged people.
Quaternary care
Quaternary care is a more complex level of care than tertiary care. It is an extension of tertiary care and concerns more unique and unusual medical conditions. Highly specialised and experimental procedures and treatments are handled under quaternary care. Experimental drugs and uncommon or complex diagnostic and surgical procedures are a few examples that come under quaternary care. Due to its complex and unusual nature, quaternary care is not accessible to the general public, and only a few national and international institutions provide this care.
It is crucial that people, especially those who lack awareness, are made aware of healthcare and the various levels of healthcare. Along with that, the infrastructure for maintaining and upkeeping healthcare needs to be developed. A reputed health NGO and infrastructure NGO will take endless efforts with the sole purpose of making basic healthcare affordable and accessible to all.



Blog ID : 283805

Category : Health

Date Added : 12-8-2022